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Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica - Peninsula de Osa

This tiny patch of Costa Rica’s last remaining tropical humid rainforest holds nothing less than 2.5% of the world’s biodiversity.
As you fly into the Osa Peninsula you will be astonished as to how small this piece of land is: cruising just below the clouds you can see the ocean on every side of the peninsula, including dense forests as well as lands that have been put to other uses by man.
You will find in many sites that the Osa Peninsula is home to more than 750 species of trees -with close to 80 being endemic to the Osa conservation area-, 117 species of reptiles and amphibians, 365 species of birds and over 120 species of mammals, all with various examples of endemism. The area holds the largest population of Scarlet Macaws in the country, and is well known for being the home of iconic species like the tapir, the jaguar and the enormous humpback whales.
But the most special thing about the area is not only the diversity of plants, animals and ecosystems that range from mangroves and sandy beaches to elevated primary forests, but the fact that the thriving wildlife is so easy to spot. Ever since the declaration of the Corcovado National Park, several settlers who fell in love with the area -including hotels like El Remanso- have chosen to add on to the protected forested lands in the Peninsula. This, added to the standards set by the Certification for Sustainable Tourism and the ideals of every Osa-lover, have made Osa a place where animals can generally roam freely with little fear of humans.
However, the wildlife in the Osa Peninsula still faces threats that are important to address. Many people enjoy the thrill of poaching and are risking the populations of endangered species like the white lipped peccary and the already mentioned jaguar, while other maybe uneducated settlers choose to substitute jungle for gardens in their newly acquired lands, and many buildings lack the adequate wastewater and septic treatment systems. Another important threat is the absence of a landfill, which makes solid waste management difficult.
The good news is that the Osa is also home to a strong community of people who care and work constantly to make a positive impact in the area, establishing a recycling program, supporting local produce and uniting to fight against actions that might damage our fragile ecosystem. Part of this effort is achieved thanks to visitors like you who become so fascinated by this remote jungle that they find ways to help protect it. Such a unique land is a piece of earthly paradise, and you will notice it as soon as you arrive!